The university's Department of Public Safety director, Monica Moll, confirmed Artan's identity during a press conference Monday afternoon.
NBC News reported that Artan was born in Somalia and left the country with his family in 2007, moving first to Pakistan before moving to the United States as a legal permanent resident in 2014, according to officials.
Ohio State University Police chief Craig Stone told reporters at a news conference that a male suspect struck pedestrians with a motor vehicle before exiting the vehicle and attacking bystanders with a "butcher knife" at around 9:52 a.m.
At least nine people were transported to local hospitals after the attack, eight of whom were in stable and one of whom was in critical condition, according to Stone.
Authorities said in the news conference that it was "too early to say" whether the attack was planned, but that it was done "on purpose."