How Far Did Mike Pence Step Into Trump’s Leadership Vacuum During Riot?

Vice President Mike Pence and President Donald Trump listen during a conference call with the International Space Station on October 18, 2019 in Washington, DC. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)
Start your day with TPM.
Sign up for the Morning Memo newsletter

There’s still a key mystery at the heart of Wednesday’s assault on the Capitol: What was Vice President Mike Pence’s role in deploying the D.C. National Guard?

Questions linger over why the unit wasn’t deployed at the start, and conflicting early reports about Pence’s involvement in authorizing the unit’s activation to quell the insurrection raised a far more serious question: Was there a violation in the chain of command amid the chaos and panic of the assault?

The answer is likely no, though the circumstances of Pence’s role in the matter remain unclear. Subsequent reporting has suggested that acting Secretary of Defense Chris Miller “consulted” with Pence on the matter, along with senior congressional leadership.

But even that still raises questions, given that Pence lacks any statutory authority over the military and that President Trump remains commander-in-chief.

Dr. Lindsay Cohn, an associate professor at the Naval War College and an expert in civil-military relations, told TPM that while Pence being consulted didn’t implicate any chain of command issues, it did reflect a “leadership vacuum.”

“The inference that I would draw is that the President was not interested in being involved in that discussion at all,” Cohn said. “That’s consistent with the overall lack of planning that we saw – there seems to have been an overall lack of leadership from the White House on planing and preparation for this, for what we all consider to have been a fairly predictable day of unrest.”

D.C. Mayor Muriel Bowser, along with congressional leadership, asked the Pentagon to approve a request to activate the D.C. National Guard on Wednesday before receiving an initial refusal.

Within an hour, however, the request was approved, with acting Defense Secretary Miller issuing a statement saying that he had spoken with Pence and top congressional leadership – everyone who mattered except Trump.

According to Rachel VandLandingham, a military law expert at Southwestern Law School, Pence’s involvement may have been unprecedented, but wasn’t illegal.

“How often the Vice President is consulted on these issues is rare, but we haven’t had these issues since the War of 1812,” she said. “They probably wanted to consult with Trump, but he seemed to be inciting the insurrection.”

The prospect of Pence – confronted either with a radically uninterested or insurrectionist President – on the ground at the Capitol as a mob of Trump supporters swarmed the complex, providing advice would go less towards issues around the chain of command.

The last time a vice president was seriously confronted with any of these issues took place on 9/11, when Dick Cheney purportedly gave authorization to shoot down outstanding hijacked jets.

But that’s a far cry from what happened on Wednesday, executive director of the 9/11 Commission Philip Zelikow told TPM in an email.

“In the 9/11 case, the issue was commander-in-chief authority in an ongoing military operation against an apparent foreign attack,” Zelikow wrote. “There was conflicting testimony about the timing of the presidential authorization, but no one thought the President was unable or unwilling to act.”

In the case of the Capitol insurrection, however, there was clear statutory authority on who could activate the unit – and even then, the “ongoing assault on federal property” could be construed to give Pence legal authority to authorize the Pentagon’s response.

“The President could have overruled him, and did not,” Zelikow added.

Latest Muckraker

Notable Replies

  1. Pence is trying to wipe the poo off his shoes by planting stories to suggest that he was not involved in the riots yesterday. But, he’s responsible because he has been stoking this sedition for 4+ years. So, watch what he does, not what he says. Pence did not call out the Guard (he does not have the power), he has not called out Trump, and he will not invoke the 25th to take the nuclear codes out of the hands of a traitor. Pence is a spineless sycophant. Pay him no further mind.

  2. Q-Tip is as complicit as the rest of the GOP.

  3. #PenceGoesToo

  4. This is the culmination of Reagan’s 11th Commandment: a Republican shall not criticize another Republican. They simply cannot condemn one of their own no matter how heinous their actions. They are not scared, they are impotent.

  5. Avatar for sandyh sandyh says:

    We have to pay attention to him because Pelosi is furthering an impeachment instead of a Censure. Thus Pence inherits the world and will be able to pardon The Con Man. I wonder how much Putin would be willing to pay Whitey to do it.

Continue the discussion at

324 more replies


Avatar for playitagainrowlf Avatar for jw1 Avatar for mondfledermaus Avatar for eggrollian Avatar for cervantes Avatar for teenlaqueefa Avatar for becca656 Avatar for sandyh Avatar for sniffit Avatar for ralph_vonholst Avatar for sonsofares Avatar for tena Avatar for Anarchy_Bunker Avatar for castor_troy Avatar for brian512 Avatar for not_so_fluffy Avatar for dannydorko Avatar for moderately Avatar for skeptical Avatar for godwit Avatar for rascal_crone Avatar for m_00_m Avatar for rockitttla Avatar for Kurtywerty

Continue Discussion
Masthead Masthead
Founder & Editor-in-Chief:
Executive Editor:
Managing Editor:
Associate Editor:
Editor at Large:
General Counsel:
Head of Product:
Director of Technology:
Associate Publisher:
Front End Developer:
Senior Designer: