In his closing argument, assistant U.S. Attorney Nathan Williams mocked Roof for calling himself brave in his racist-filled journal and his confession to the FBI, saying the real bravery came from the victims who tried to stop him as he fired 77 bullets at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal church.
"Those people couldn't see the hatred in his heart any more than they could see the .45-caliber handgun and the eight magazines concealed around his waist," Williams said.
Defense lawyer David Bruck again said in his closing argument that Roof killed the nine people. But he asked jurors to look into his head and see what caused him to become so full of hatred, calling him a suicidal loner who never grasped the gravity of what he did.
The defense put up no witnesses. They tried to present evidence about his mental state, but the judge ruled it didn't have anything to do with his guilt or innocence.
Roof is charged with 33 counts including federal hate crimes and obstruction of religion. A guilty verdict on almost any of the charges means the same jury will decide next month if Roof faces the death penalty or gets life in prison.
Williams' 50-minute closing argument filled the court with tension. At times, the prosecutor raised his voice, saying Roof was a cold, calculated killer. Some family members of victims dabbed their eyes with tissues, and jurors appeared emotional when Williams, after apologizing to them, showed crime scene photos of each person killed alongside a small picture of them while alive.
Those pictures included 26-year-old Tywanza Sanders, who was killed with his 87-year-old aunt Susie Jackson. Sanders was shot despite telling Roof they meant no harm.
Williams said Roof's message of racial hatred failed. Instead, he said the good of all of those faithful churchgoers won out.
"This defendant chose to take their lives. He chose to break their bodies. But he does not get to choose who they were," Williams said.
Roof said in his confession, a journal found in his car and a statement he posted online that he wanted his killings to lead to a return of segregation or perhaps a race war. Instead, the single biggest change to come from the June 17, 2015, killings was the removal of the Confederate flag from in front of the South Carolina Statehouse after it spent 50 years flying over the capitol or on its grounds.
Williams recounted other evidence, like how Roof sat in the Emanuel AME parking lot for 28 minutes in his car, likely loading the 88 bullets â a number embraced symbolically by racists â into eight magazines. The 22-year-old white man then sat in the prayer service for nearly 45 minutes before opening fire as the worshippers closed their eyes for the final prayer.
In the defense's closing argument, Bruck said Roof was just imitating what he saw on the internet.
Roof's mental problems led him to accept all the racist lies he read as truth, and give his life to "a fight to the death between white people and black people that only he" could see and act on, Bruck said.
Prosecutors successfully objected several times to Bruck's arguments about Roof's mental health. U.S. District Judge Richard Gergel has ruled that is only permissible in the penalty phase, and Roof has said he intends to get rid of Bruck and be his own lawyer again during that part of the trial.
Prosecutors got a chance to respond to Bruck's closing, and assistant U.S. attorney Stephen Curran pointed out Roof was responsible for his own actions no matter the reason he turned into a hate-filled killer.
"He walked into the church with murder in his heart," Curran said. "That's why, when they closed in prayer, he shot them dead."
Roof never had any regrets, sticking to his assertion that the killings had to happen after he researched "black on white crime" on the internet. He said he chose a church because that setting posed little danger to him.
Also placed into evidence were dozens of photographs of Roof â a strange travelogue of him alone at South Carolina sites important to the Civil War or African-American history. There also were photos of him holding the Confederate flag.
Follow Jeffrey Collins on Twitter at http://twitter.com/JSCollinsAP . His work can be found at http://bigstory.ap.org/content/jeffrey-collins .
Kinnard can be reached at http://twitter.com/MegKinnardAP . Read more of her work at http://bigstory.ap.org/content/meg-kinnard/.
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