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Here's the joint letter:
Dear Madam Secretary:
We are writing to express our concern that endemic corruption in Iraq may be fueling the insurgency, endangering our troops, and undermining the chances for success. We are equally concerned that the refusal of State Department officials to answer questions about the extent of corruption in the government of Iraq undermines our ability to work together to eliminate this source of support for the insurgency and to enhance our chances of success in Iraq.
Last week, leading experts described corruption in the Iraqi government as a widespread problem that is imperiling our mission, but that is not being effectively addressed. Stuart Bowen, the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction, testified before the Oversight Committee on October 4, 2007, that the ârising tide of corruption in Iraqâ is âa second insurgencyâ that
âstymies the construction and maintenance of Iraqâs infrastructure, deprives people of goods and services, reduces confidence in public institutions, and potentially aids insurgent groups reportedly funded by graft derived from oil smuggling or embezzlement.â David Walker, the Comptroller General of the United States, made similar statements, testifying that âwidespread corruption undermines efforts to develop the governmentâs capacity by robbing it of needed resources, some of which are used to fund the insurgency.â
Judge Radhi Hamza al-Radhi, the former Commissioner of the Iraqi Commission on Public Integrity, also testified on October 4, 2007, that âcorruption in Iraq today is rampant across the government, costing tens of billions of dollars, and has infected virtually every agency and ministry, including some of the most powerful officials in Iraq,â that âthe Ministry of Oil [is] effectively financing terrorism,â and that Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki âhas protected some of his relatives that were involved in corruption.â
The Independent Commission on the Security Forces of Iraq, chaired by General James L. Jones, U.S.M.C. (Ret.), reported similar concerns on September 6, 2007, writing that âsectarianism and corruption are pervasive in the MOI [Ministry of Interior] and cripple the ministryâs ability to accomplish its mission to provide internal security of Iraqi citizens.â
At the October 4, 2007, hearing, the State Department witness, Ambassador Lawrence Butler, was asked whether âthe Government of Iraq currently has the political will or the capability to root out corruption within its Government,â whether âthe Maliki Government is working hard to improve the corruption situation so that he can unite his country,â and whether Prime Minister Maliki âobstructed any anticorruption investigations in Iraq to protect his political allies.â Ambassador Butler refused to answer because âquestions which go to the broad nature of our bilateral relationship with Iraq are best answered in a classified setting.â He did, however, answer questions that portrayed the Iraqi government positively.
The State Department has taken other steps to suppress information about the extent of corruption within the Maliki government. We have learned that, on September 25, 2007, the State Department instructed officials not to answer questions in an open setting that ask for
âBroad statements/assessments which judge or characterize the quality of Iraqi governance or the ability/determination of the Iraqi government to deal with corruption, including allegations that investigations were thwarted/stifled for political reasons.â The Department also retroactively classified two important reports on corruption in Iraq that had been distributed widely as âsensitive but unclassified.â
Incredibly, the State Department even retroactively classified portions of a report on Iraqi corruption and ministry capacity that Comptroller General Walker released at last weekâs hearing and that had previously been cleared for release by the State Department.
It may be reasonable to classify some information containing allegations about specific individuals in the Iraqi government, but the wholesale and even retroactive classification of all information is wrong and a misuse of the official classification procedures. It will undermine our ability to work together to find solutions to this significant problem. Over 3,800 of our bravest men and women have made the ultimate sacrifice in Iraq, and over 28,000 have been injured. Over $450 billion has been appropriated to fund the Iraq War, and the President is asking for over $150 billion more.
The American people and Congress deserve honest answers about the extent of corruption in the Maliki government and whether corruption is fueling the insurgency and endangering our troops. It is essential that we know whether entrenched corruption threatens the ability of the Maliki government to succeed.
We urge you to reconsider these misguided directives so that we can work together to find solutions to the corruption that may well be funding attacks on our troops.
Henry A. Waxman
Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
Committee on Foreign Affairs
Committee on Armed Services
David R. Obey
Committee on Appropriations