Trump told the nation's governors earlier this week that his desired $54 billion increase in military spending would be "paid for by finding greater savings and efficiencies across the federal government."
"We’re going to do more with less," he said. "The government must learn to tighten its belt."
Yet budget expert Stan Collander, a former top staffer on the House and Senate Budget Committees, said the cuts being floated go far beyond belt tightening.
"This is way beyond [addressing] waste, fraud and abuse," he told TPM. "This is going to prevent departments and agencies from fulfilling their missions. This is not cutting the fat, but cutting off an arm and a leg."
The proposal to cut 37 percent from the State Department's budget, said Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-SC), "makes us less safe, that puts our diplomats at risk and it destroys soft power. You need soft power to win the war."
The soft power currently at risk encompasses everything from the $30 billion spent annually on foreign aid to various public health initiatives to the thousands of Americans volunteering overseas in the Peace Corps. Several Republican lawmakers emphasized that these programs can have an outsized positive impact on relations with other countries for a relatively low investment.
"Just speaking for myself, I think the diplomatic portion of the federal budget is very important, and you get results there a lot cheaper than you do on the defense side," McConnell said. "I'm not in favor of reducing what we call the '150 account' to that extent."
The chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Sen. Bob Corker (R-TN), told TPM on Wednesday that he agrees. "Every general that you talk with tells you that to the extent we're successful about diplomacy, we have less likelihood that our men and women in uniform are threatened by war," he said. "So I understand the importance of it."
Another Foreign Relations Committee member, Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL), issued a strong defense of foreign aid in particular, saying it is "not charity" and calling it "critical to our national security."
The lawmakers have joined a growing chorus of former military leaders who are sounding the alarm about the potential impacts of the proposed State Department cuts. "Many of the crises our nation faces do not have military solutions alone—from confronting violent extremist groups like ISIS in the Middle East and North Africa to preventing pandemics like Ebola," a group of more than 100 retired generals wrote to President Trump.
Corker emphasized that Trump's budget blueprint won't be formally released until mid-March, and once released it will undergo significant revisions in the House and Senate before becoming law. "So I don't have my hair on fire right now," Corker told TPM. "This is just the beginning."