Hall cited a number of reasons for why the law is costing the federal government less than originally expected. One is that less people are using the individual market than anticipated, lowering the feds' spending on things like the subsidies for insurance premiums. Additionally, Medicare and Medicaid's costs are coming in under expectations, as are the costs of private insurance -- a slowdown in health care costs Hall speculated could have been driven by the recession.
"Although it is unclear how much of that slowdown is attributable to the recession and its aftermath and how much is attributable to other factors, the slower growth has been sufficiently broad and persistent to persuade the
agencies to significantly lower their projections of federal costs for health care," Hall said.
The Supreme Court's decision in 2012 to make Medicaid expansion optional for states also "significantly reduced projected costs," Hall said.
The lowered estimates comes as Republicans are gearing up their push to repeal the Affordable Care Act. The proposals being floated would eliminate the law's taxes while phasing out its benefits -- like its subsidies and its Medicaid expansion -- over the course of a few years. GOP lawmakers have signaled that they are willing to advance the repeal legislation before it has been fully scored by the CBO.