Josh Marshall

Josh Marshall is editor and publisher of TalkingPointsMemo.com.

Articles by Josh

We're going to be getting back to the Confederacy, treason and other related matters. But first we wanted to share with you an email we received this afternoon from Jim B.

Mr. Marshall,

Perhaps the denizens of Washington, D.C. will take no offense at your diatribe regarding the South and the Sons of Confederate Veterans in the subject article(s), but those of us who are Southerners, with ancestors who served the Confederacy certainly will. Judging from your picture and the derived age of the person photographed, you probably never received any instruction in our countrys history other than the revisionist garbage now taught in our wonderful, diverse education systems. Slavery was certainly an issue that led to the War of Northern Aggression (who invaded who?), but it was not until lincolns second run for the presidency that it took the fore-front. I'm betting you've never read any of lincolns personal correspondence. He was a racist of the worst sort. So, please don't tar us with the racist brush. After all, it was you yankees that imposed Reconstruction, put thousands of blacks in judgeships, state houses, and positions of authority. Positions they largely were totally unsuited for. In the South, blacks used to be part of the family. Now we are enemies; enemies because you yankees imposed your views and values to the benefit of no one but yourselves. It was not and is not illegal to secede. In fact, the Constitution specifically mentions that we as citizens can turn out the government when it becomes oppressive. Mr lincoln decided the Souths secession was illegal. That's the reason for the war. But, you will never read or research or examine facts and conditions that led to that unfortunate war. You've got your pious, one-sided view and that's that. You know, you would have served well in the Catholic Church during the Inquisition.

So, lay off. You yankees have a history of racism and disrespect for blacks which far exceed that in the South. If anything, your legacy is much more shameful because your racism was calculated and cloaked in 'the law of the land'.

Finally, the Sons of Confederate Veterans is not racist. We do demand that you not label us or restrict the public display of our ancestors flags and symbols. And that's a fair demand. Oh, by the way, what the heck is a neo-confederate?

Jim [** last name suppressed by the editor **]

Alas, the unfinished work of Reconstruction ...

Please pardon the paucity of posts of late. The 17th century is monopolizing much of TPM's attention this week. We should be back to the normal frequency after the weekend. For the moment, don't miss this article on Colin Powell and Iraq policy in today's Post. Interesting reading. Also, don't miss the Post's article on what -- to TPM's lights -- is an especially nasty angle the administration is adopting on prescription drug benefits. Want a prescription drug benefit? No problem. Just give up your Medicare coverage in exchange for entering an HMO! Finally, with Iraq again moving to center stage, next week will be bringing you an interview with Kenneth Pollack, author of The Threatening Storm: The Case for Invading Iraq.

Well, it just goes to show you can't trust a fly-by-night website to get its facts right on an important news story! You may have heard of the operation: Time.com.

A few days ago TPM picked up a Time.com story about President Bush's resumption of the tradition of sending a wreath to a commemoration of the Confederate war dead -- an apparent pay-off to presidential friend and neo-confederate Richard T. Hines. Now there's a story in Washington Times saying the tradition never stopped under either the first President Bush or President Clinton. Now it was a little unclear to me from the Times story whether Time.com and the Times were actually talking about the same event. Vague as it was, the Times seemed to be talking about something general while Time.com was talking about a specific commemoration tied to Jefferson Davis. Given that, I was inclined to trust Michael Weisskopf and Karen Tumulty at Time.com. But when I went back to read the Time.com story I noticed it's been yanked off their site, with no apparent explanation, though the press release announcing the story is still up.

What gives?

Late Update: Time.com has now retracted the story. That's web journalism for ya! Sheesh ...

Busily working away as I was yesterday writing about seventeenth century New Englanders, land distribution, Indians and warfare, I already had the post about Don Rumsfeld forming in the back of my mind. About two weeks ago, in response to a question about reinstituting the draft, Rumsfeld said draftees had added "no value, no advantage really, to the United States armed services over any sustained period of time."

It's a standard part of the political game. You say something stupid. Your political foes call you on it and seek political advantage by demanding an apology. But sometimes what you've said is really so stupid and so offensive that you've really gotta apologize. At this point in the post I was going to say, Don Rumsfeld's gotta apologize.

I see in tomorrow morning's Post that he has.

Hundreds of thousands of military draftees served over the years with great distinction and valor -- many being wounded and still others killed. The last thing I would want to do would be to disparage the service of those draftees.
There's a bit of wiggle toward the end of the letter.

I always have had the highest respect for [draftees'] service and I offer my full apology to any veteran who misinterpreted my remarks when I said them ... [italics added]

Let's at least admit one thing. If a Democratic Sec Def had said such a thing there's a very good chance it would have cost him his job. (The outrage expressed yesterday in a letter from three congressional Democrats -- Evans, Daschle, and Kerry -- was undoubtedly sincere.) It was always kind of clear what Rumsfeld meant: draftees get relatively little training and are then cycled out of a conscript army relatively quickly. (There's an argument -- and not at all an unreasonable one -- that on these grounds the all-volunteer army is more efficient -- other issues of equity, and civic values notwithstanding. See a contrary argument here.) But Rumsfeld's words were clearly more than a simple slip of the tongue.

At a minimum they demonstrated a serious lack of sensitivity and respect for not only the sacrifice but the heroism and valor of hundreds of thousand of American draftees who've died in the service of the nation. (Remember World War II? Conscript armies didn't do half bad in that little skirmish, did they?) That's of course not to mention even more who've been wounded and the lucky ones who managed to get through their years of service in one piece. (The official percentage of draftees in WWII, Korea and Vietnam actually understates the effect of conscription since many guys enlisted knowing they'd soon get drafted anyway.) I think the best you can say is that this was a case in which Rumsfeld's sometimes entertaining and sometimes admirable shoot-from-the-hip, no-nonsense style did him, the country, and millions of vets a serious disservice. It's almost unimaginable, for instance, that Colin Powell would have ever made a similar statement.

At least he apologized.

One thing you can say for Rumsfeld is that unlike so many other members of the hawkish wing of this administration, Rumsfeld is himself a veteran. A real one. He served as a Navy Aviator in the mid-1950s and then in the Navy Reserves for a couple decades after that.

Like I said, at least he apologized. To me, I'd say it's the end of the story. But then, I've never served a day in uniform, voluntary or otherwise. So I'm going to leave it to others to judge.

For a couple weeks now, TPM has been pressing the question: what did the Bush administration know about the North Korean uranium enrichment program and when did they know it? Obviously, TPM's reporting resources are nothing compared to those of Seymour Hersh and The New Yorker. Now he's got the goods. And it's not pretty.

Last week we discussed the most recent publicly-aired GOP debate about whether the Northern victory in the civil war was, on balance, a good thing or a bad thing. A member of the Board of Directors of the California GOP, Randy Ridgel, wrote an open letter to fellow Board member Bill Back, taking him to task for apologizing for republishing an article which was a touch soft on slavery. (Back is a candidate to lead the California GOP). Ridgel saw no reason for the apology since ...

The main thrusts of the article was that our rights under the 10th Amendment began to erode chiefly as a result of the South losing the Civil War (true) and that blacks suffered far more from reconstruction than they did from the war. Of course they did; they suffered the destitution and starvation imposed by draconian Northern Reconstruction laws even worse than whites, and most of the poor devils had no experience fending for themselves, so they fared worse than before the war and during the war.
Well, now we bring you the Ridgel Letter in its entirety -- just added to the TPM Document Collection.

Yesterday, you'll remember, we discussed Richard T. Hines, a political ally of President Bush, who provided key support in mauling John McCain in South Carolina in 2000. According to Time.com, he is also the likely force behind the President's decision to resume the practice of sending a wreath to honor the memory of Jefferson Davis on Memorial Day.

Now if you think back to your high school or college American history classes, you may remember the caning of Charles Sumner, one of most infamous moments in the lead-up to the Civil War. Sumner was Senator from Massachusetts and an ardent anti-slavery 'Whig' -- a soon to be defunct political party which was in some ways the predecessor of the Republican party.

In any case, in the Spring of 1856, Sumner delivered a long and explosive speech entitled 'Crime Against Kansas' on whether Kansas should be admitted into the union as a free or slave state. Three days later a South Carolina congressman, Preston Brooks, came into the Senate chamber while Sumner was at his desk and proceeded to beat him over the head with a gold-topped cane. For the key few moments it took Brooks to inflict the first blows Sumner was partially trapped under the desk where he was at work franking copies of his speech -- staffs weren't quite so large as they are these days. After that Brooks proceeded to beat the now thoroughly bloodied Sumner into unconsciousness. It took Sumner years to recuperate -- the Bay State left his seat unoccupied during that time -- and he was partly disabled by the incident for the rest of his life. In most of the country the incident became a symbol of the barbarity of the 'slave power' and its propensity to resort to violence in defense of the 'peculiar institution.' Among Southern 'fire-eaters', Brooks was embraced as a hero.

Here -- just added to the TPM Document Collection -- is President Bush's political ally Richard T. Hines' celebration of the attack ("The Caning of Charles Sumner: Blows Struck for the South") in -- where else? -- the Southern Partisan magazine.

"Mr. Hines, a member of the Reagan administration, tells us how Southerners handle Yankees who don't treat us with respect," says the intro ...

Colin Powell is a big enough hitter that he gets to go public with a restrained (though welcome and honorable) dissent from the White House's position on the Michigan affirmative action case. But it seems not everyone gets a chance to speak their mind. Remember, Colin Powell isn't the only high-profile Republican who supports affirmative action. It took him a long time to go public about his views. But Trent Lott (R-MS) is also a big-time supporter of affirmative action.

Unfortunately, Lott now appears to be in such a weakened state -- because of his recent resignation as Majority Leader-designate -- that the White House and/or Bill Frist won't let him speak his mind on this critical issue.

What happened to the big tent? Rove and Frist would never have been able to muzzle Lott if he were still Majority Leader. Let Trent speak!

P.S. Special thanks to TPM reader EAP.

Now that's a catch!

From the presidency of Woodrow Wilson -- who, despite being admirable in other capacities, was an ardent segregationist -- until 1990, US presidents sent a wreath to the Confederate Memorial in Arlington National Cemetery on Memorial Day to honor Jefferson Davis. The first President Bush stopped the practice in 1990. But, according to Time.com, this President Bush restarted that tradition when he became president in 2001.

Why this renewed affection for a failed leader of a failed rebellion against the government of the United States?

The Time.com story points to a logical suspect: Richard T. Hines.

Who's Richard T. Hines? Hines is a big-time DC lobbyist whose website says he "has an active voice in the current Bush Administration." But don't take his word for it. He played a key role in helping President Bush rescue his presidential campaign by whacking John McCain in the South Carolina primary in 2000. More to the point, Hines is a leading neo-Confederate and the former Managing Editor of the Southern Partisan, the crypto-racist magazine which is the venue of choice for Republican politicians looking to cater to the neo-confederate yahoo vote.

Hines is also a leader of the Sons of Confederate Veterans, one of the groups involved in organizing the annual event to which the White House sent the wreath. According to this article by one-time TPM advisor Sean Wilentz ...

Hines first gained national media attention in 1996 when, in a public protest over the unveiling of a monument to the black tennis great Arthur Ashe in Richmond, Va., he unfurled the battle flag of his great-grandfather's regiment and denounced the statue as "a sharp stick in the eye of those who honor the Confederate heritage."
Now at this point I was going to continue on with the post and explain how this is the White House -- probably Karl Rove, actually -- talking out of both sides of its mouth. First they denounce Trent Lott for his nostalgia for the segregationist past. Here they're pandering to these neo-Confederate yahoos. But you know how that post would unfold, right? So let's just pretend I wrapped the post up like that and get on to the fun stuff. Deal? Great. Here goes ...

If you go to the Sons of Confederate Veterans website you'll find these instructions for how to report a 'Heritage Violation.' What's a 'Heritage Violation'? "Any attack upon our Confederate Heritage, or the flags, monuments, and symbols which represent it, can be termed a Heritage Violation," says the SCV website.

"Any disrespect shown to our Confederate Heritage should be considered as serious," continues the SCV. But it's important not to let the emotion of the moment get the better of you!

SCV members are reminded, however, to remain calm and to respond in a manner befitting the dignity of the heritage we seek to preserve. Those persons or groups who cause a heritage violation often do so in a manner deliberately intended to provoke us into intemperate response. Do not play into their hands by over-reacting. We should always handle ourselves as the responsible Southern gentlemen that we are.
One of the best ways to stifle your Southern fury, it seems, is to follow the SCV's ridiculous and arcane procedures for reporting a 'heritage violation' -- procedures which may well have been secretly devised by some right-minded group like the NAACP in order to get heritage-sensitive, neo-Confederate whack-jobs running around in circles and thus not acting out in some more unfortunate fashion ...
Whom do you report it to? Your first contact should be your Camp Commander or Heritage Officer. They should in turn report the heritage violation to the Heritage Chairman in your Brigade. The Brigade Heritage Chairman should then contact his Brigade Commander and the Division Heritage Chairman. Heritage violation responses are best handled at the local level, in cooperation with Brigade and Division level officers. A plan of action to deal with the heritage violation should be developed by these Brigade and Division officers, acting in concert with the local camp and member (or other person) that initially reported the violation.

The Division Heritage Chairman should report the violation to the Division Commander, and the SCV’s Chief of Heritage Defense. The Chief of Heritage Defense can call upon the national organization to respond to the violation, if such action is required. The Chief of Heritage Defense is assisted by a members of a Heritage Defense Committee, appointed by the Commander-in-Chief.

For the Chief of Heritage Defense to have a heritage situation officially deemed as a violation by the Sons of Confederate Veterans, he must have consent from the Commander-in-Chief and such other members of the General Executive Council as the Commander-in-Chief may designate, as well as a consensus of the Heritage Defense Committee.

Did Trent Lott call in a 'heritage violation' on W? Is that why we haven't heard from him in a while? He's trying to master the reporting requirements?

Here's a key passage from a Sunday Times article on US and Russian intelligence gathering in North Korea.

The latest crisis over the North Korean nuclear program erupted last year, when United States intelligence obtained strong evidence that North Korea had secretly developed a uranium enrichment program, which would represent a second track toward the development and production of nuclear weapons. American officials said there was fragmentary evidence of a uranium enrichment effort as far back as the late 1990's, but much more compelling evidence of such a program came last year, officials said.
This squares with my own reporting, as far it goes. But it begs the question: How much was known about the program? And when?

Last week I spoke to a Clinton administration official who told me that in 1999 and 2000 the US didn't know the North Koreans had a uranium-enrichment program, per se. But they did have evidence that they were purchasing centrifuge equipment and other hardware that you would use to put such a program together. That would square with this subsequent, unclassified CIA report from 2001 which said North Korea had "been seeking centrifuge-related materials in large quantities to support a uranium enrichment program. It also obtained equipment suitable for use in uranium feed and withdrawal systems."

The relevant point is this: we didn't know they had a program, as such. But we knew they were buying all the stuff you'd use to create such a program. Which is to say, we pretty much knew they had a program.

(I was also told that the North Koreans made "an all-out push" to actually get the program started about two years ago, though it wasn't clear, from what my source told me, whether this acceleration was tied to the turnover in the US administration or for other reasons.)

In any case, what seems very clear is that the US knew of the existence of North Korea's uranium enrichment program long before October 2002. As The Nelson Report disclosed a couple weeks ago, former members of the Clinton administration say they briefed the incoming administration on this in January 2001. Clearly, over time, more and more information became available. A Post article from last week says administration officials "received conclusive evidence" about the program in July 2002. But given how hardcore the administration is on such issues, presumably they wouldn't need to get Kim Jong Il's embossed Uranium-Enrichment Open House invitation in the mail before kicking things into gear.

And thus the question: If it's been known about for so long, why did it take two years to bring it up with the North Koreans?

I suspect a significant part of the answer is that for a year and a half the White House couldn't decide whether to engage or confront North Korea. And without resolving that basic question, nothing much could be done at all.

We need to know what the administration knew and when they knew it.