Sahil Kapur

Sahil Kapur is TPM's senior congressional reporter and Supreme Court correspondent. His articles have been published in the Huffington Post, The Guardian and The New Republic. Email him at sahil@talkingpointsmemo.com and follow him on Twitter at @sahilkapur.

Articles by Sahil

During the 2008 presidential campaign, then-Sen. Barack Obama attacked John McCain for proposing Medicare cuts similar to the ones he enacted and is now being criticized for by Mitt Romney.

As reported in a Huffington Post article that the Romney campaign circulated to reporters Tuesday, Obama bashed McCain in an ad and on the stump for proposing $800 billion in Medicare savings.

McCain's proposed cuts, like Obama's $700 billion, did not affect Medicare benefits. According to a Wall Street Journal article at the time, McCain's senior adviser Douglas Holtz-Eakin "said the Medicare and Medicaid changes would improve the programs and eliminate fraud, but he didn't detail where the cuts would come from."

Republican National Committee spokesman Tim Miller piled on in an email Tuesday.

"In 2008, Obama attacked McCain for supposedly proposing to cut Medicare to pay for health care," he wrote. "Then, as president, Obama did just that. More evidence his political demagoguery on Medicare can’t be trusted."

McCain's embrace of the cuts in 2008 reflect the bipartisan nature of finding savings within the program, which was also affirmed after congressional Republicans voted to keep the cuts in Paul Ryan's budget blueprint.

One of Rep. Paul Ryan's many past proposals to remake the federal safety net included a sweeping plan to privatize Social Security and risk the program's solvency in attempting to save it. He championed the idea as recently as 2010 but pushed it under the rug the following year. Mitt Romney, who recently selected Ryan to be his vice presidential nominee, is steering clear of the plan.

The proposal was in Ryan's 2010 "Roadmap For America's Future," a broad blueprint to remake the federal budget which elevated the little-known congressman into the Republican Party's visionary. It involved shifting Social Security funds to private retirement accounts as well as reducing benefits and gradually raising the age of eligibility.

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Mitt Romney has been talking up Rep. Paul Ryan's bipartisan credentials since he unveiled the congressman as his running mate early Saturday. But the mild-mannered Wisconsinite's record reveals a near-total absence of Democratic support for his many ambitious proposals, very few of which have won enough support to become law.

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Lost in the back and forth between the Obama and Romney campaigns over who's the real Medicare cutter is a critical difference between visions: President Obama's plan is to make the program solvent by reducing payments to health care providers, while Rep. Paul Ryan achieves his savings by transforming Medicare into a voucher-like system.

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On the Sunday talk shows, Republicans continued to deflect criticism of Mitt Romney vice presidential pick Rep. Paul Ryan's controversial Medicare plan by pointing out that 'Obamacare' cuts the program by $700 billion. But the same cuts are in Ryan's budget.

"This president stole -- he didn't cut Medicare -- he stole $700 billion from Medicare to fund Obamacare," said Republican National Committee Chairman Reince Priebus, on NBC's "Meet The Press." "If any person in this entire debate has blood on their hands in regard to Medicare, it's Barack Obama. He's the one that's destroying Medicare."

The remarks oversimplify reality. The Affordable Care Act included $700 billion in reimbursement reductions under Medicare to hospitals, drug companies and supplemental private insurance plans, in an effort to slow the cost growth of the program. Benefits remain untouched; the cuts only target providers.

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Obama campaign senior adviser David Axelrod said Sunday that Paul Ryan is against Medicare, period.

"They do not believe in Medicare," he said on ABC's "This Week." "Let's be clear. Congressman Ryan is an ideologue who doesn't believe in the Medicare program, wanted to do away with it. Newt Gingrich called it 'right-wing social engineering' when [Ryan] surfaced his Medicare plan, and he was right about that."

On "Fox News Sunday," DNC Chair and Florida Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz deflected questions about a pro-Obama group's ad insinuating that Mitt Romney is indirectly responsible for a woman's death.

"It's not a Democratic ad," she said. "It's a Priorities USA super PAC ad, which we have nothing to do with."

Pressed on whether she denies it's a Democratic group, she responded, "I have no idea the political affiliation of folks who are associated with that super PAC."

Priorities USA is run by Bill Burton, who worked for Obama's 2008 campaign and served as his deputy White House press secretary. Obama's campaign has endorsed the group.

After the RNC flagged her remarks, Wasserman Schultz revised them on Twitter:

DNC chair and Florida Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz pointed out on "Fox News Sunday" that the Affordable Care Act has extended the solvency of Medicare by eight years.

"The Affordable Care Act added eight years of solvency to the Medicare program," she said, arguing that Medicare needs to be strengthened but not turned into a voucher program, which Paul Ryan's plan converts it to.

The finding was reached by the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office, which found that the law's payment cuts to Medicare providers will save some $700 billion over a decade. Republicans are evoking the cuts -- which don't affect benefits -- to deflect criticism of the Ryan plan.