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Sahil Kapur

Sahil Kapur is TPM's senior congressional reporter and Supreme Court correspondent. His articles have been published in the Huffington Post, The Guardian and The New Republic. Email him at sahil@talkingpointsmemo.com and follow him on Twitter at @sahilkapur.

Articles by Sahil

A vast majority of elected Republicans have signed Grover Norquist's pledge not to raise taxes, and GOP leaders have strictly hewed toward it for years.

But things have changed: anti-tax purity went out of style this election year, and the nearing "fiscal cliff" is motivating some influential conservative Republicans to speak out against Norquist's pledge, wherein lawmakers promise to vote against any legislation that would raise new tax revenues.

Not only does Norquist's pledge forbid signatories from raising tax rates, it requires that they "oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing tax rates."

Here are seven key Republicans who have abandoned the pledge:

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Republican lawmakers are increasingly abandoning Grover Norquist's no-taxes pledge and declaring a willingness to raise tax revenues as part of a deal to avoid the severe austerity measures set to take effect in January.

On the Sunday talk shows, Sens. John McCain (R-AZ) and Lindsey Graham (R-SC) called for raising revenues by scaling back tax deductions and credits.

"I would be very much opposed to raising tax rates, but I do believe we can close a lot of loopholes," McCain said on "Fox News Sunday." He said that could be achieved by imposing "a limit on the amount of deduction on charitable giving, a limit on the amount you can take on your home loan mortgage deduction."

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Appearing Sunday on ABC's "This Week," Sen. Lindsey Graham explained his disagreement with Grover Norquist's no-taxes pledge and said his party needs to put tax revenues on the table for debt reduction.

Well, what I would say to Grover Norquist is that the sequester destroys the United States military. According to our own secretary of defense, it would be shooting ourselves in the head. You'd have the smallest Army since 1940, the smallest Navy since 1915, the smallest Air Force in the history of the country, so sequestration must be replaced. 

I'm willing to generate revenue. It's fair to ask my party to put revenue on the table.  We're below historic averages.  I will not raise tax rates to do it. I will cap deductions. If you cap deductions around the $30,000, $40,000 range, you can raise $1 trillion in revenue, and the people who lose their deductions are the upper-income Americans. 

But to do this, I just don't want to promise the spending cuts. I want entitlement reforms. Republicans always put revenue on the table.  Democrats always promise to cut spending. Well, we never cut spending. What I'm looking for is more revenue for entitlement reform before the end of the year.

Graham added:

I love being a senator, and I want to be a senator that matters for the state of South Carolina and the country.  When you're $16 trillion in debt, the only pledge we should be making to each other is to avoid becoming Greece, and Republicans -- Republicans should put revenue on the table.  We're this far in debt.  We don't generate enough revenue.  Capping deductions will help generate revenue.  Raising tax rates will hurt job creation.  

So I agree with Grover, we shouldn't raise rates, but I think Grover is wrong when it comes to we can't cap deductions and buy down debt.  What do you do with the money?  I want to buy down debt and cut rates to create jobs, but I will violate the pledge, long story short, for the good of the country, only if Democrats will do entitlement reform.

Sen. Dick Durbin (D-IL) said Sunday on ABC's "This Week" that Social Security should be left alone when it comes to deficit reduction.

"Social Security does not add one penny to the deficit," he said. "Not a penny."

Medicare, however, faces more compelling near-term solvency problems, he said, but he argued that it could be adjusted without harming beneficiaries.

"Those who say don't touch it, don't change it, are ignoring the obvious," Durbin said.

Retiring Rep. Barney Frank (D-MA) said Sunday on CNN's "State of the Union" that the American public ought to do some "self-criticism" if they dislike the results of their electoral choices.

"People act as if we're in a bubble and we just were self-generated," he said. "If the public doesn't like the result, they should do a little self-criticism. ... At any given time America is governed by the results of an election."

He appeared alongside retiring Sens. Jon Kyl (R-AZ), Kay Bailey Hutchison (R-TX) and Joe Lieberman (I-CT).

He offered one way to help prevent gridlock: "Everybody should sign a pledge never to sign a pledge."

On Wednesday afternoon, the White House shot down Speaker John Boehner's (R-OH) call for chopping Obamacare in upcoming debt reduction negotiations. Indeed, neither party expects the major pieces of the law to suffer in any deal. But various smaller items will be part of the discussions as the two parties look for savings in the federal budget.

Democrats aren't ruling out the prospect of cuts to parts of the law, as long as they don't weaken its overarching goals -- and Republicans will push hard for them. Even minor cuts to the law's spending would earn GOP lawmakers political points among their conservative constituents, something that'll be valuable if they have to swallow tax increases.

Here are the three pieces of the Affordable Care Act that Republicans believe they have the best chance of securing cuts to, GOP sources say.

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In a new op-ed for the Cincinnati Enquirer, House Speaker John Boehner argues that the Affordable Care Act should be on the table for cuts in a deficit reduction deal.

He writes:

The president’s health care law adds a massive, expensive, unworkable government program at a time when our national debt already exceeds the size of our country’s entire economy. We can’t afford it, and we can’t afford to leave it intact. That’s why I’ve been clear that the law has to stay on the table as both parties discuss ways to solve our nation’s massive debt challenge.

The Ohio Republican also promises to use his House majority to go after Obamacare through the oversight process, mentioning recent efforts by the Ways and Means Committee to probe whether the administration is using taxpayer funds inappropriately when it comes to the health care law.

Over the past couple of years, I have noted there are essentially three major routes to repeal of the president’s law: the courts, the presidential election process and the congressional oversight process. With two of those three routes having come up short, the third and final one becomes more important than ever.

Vigorous oversight of the health care law by the House can be expected and, in fact, is already under way.

When House Speaker John Boehner declared Obamacare the "law of the land" two days after his party took a drubbing in the election, the real reveal came in what happened next: he walked it back in record speed and re-affirmed his commitment to getting rid of it.

Having failed to repeal the Affordable Care Act at the national level, Republicans are now dedicating their efforts to botching its implementation at the state level. And having failed to invalidate the law at the Supreme Court, they're now seeking alternate legal avenues to weaken its regulations.

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One running theme of deficit reduction negotiations is that both parties support domestic spending cuts in their opening bids -- Republicans demand them, and Democrats champion them alongside tax increases for high income earners.

Now a coalition of three labor unions -- AFSCME, SEIU and National Education Association -- are launching a six-figure ad buy pressuring swing-state Senate Democrats and targeted House Republicans to oppose spending cuts to Medicare, Medicaid and education -- three items that neither side has taken off the table in talks about defusing a looming austerity bomb.

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