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Sahil Kapur

Sahil Kapur is TPM's senior congressional reporter and Supreme Court correspondent. His articles have been published in the Huffington Post, The Guardian and The New Republic. Email him at sahil@talkingpointsmemo.com and follow him on Twitter at @sahilkapur.

Articles by Sahil

The Medicare cuts in the Affordable Care Act have put Rep. Paul Ryan (R-WI) in a bind that he cannot seem to escape. One minute the House budget chief decries them as unacceptable and damaging to the elderly, the next he preserves the same cuts in his own plans.

Ryan has been back and forth on the cuts, decrying them when "Obamacare" passed, then including them in his House-passed budget plans in 2011 and 2012, then campaigning against them in the 2012 election, and now backing them again in his new budget plan set to be released later today. The short version is that when he's campaigning, Ryan opposes the Medicare cuts, but when faced with budgeting, he can't quit them.

Here's a timeline of his evolving positions.

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Progressives fell in love with Elizabeth Warren because they saw in her a fighter -- someone who would break from Washington's longstanding tradition of cozying up to big banks and instead hold them accountable for bad behavior.

She hasn't disappointed.

Just two months into her new job as Massachusetts senator, the former consumer advocate has used her perch to publicize and rail against shady practices by financial institutions and what she views as leniency from the regulators tasked with overseeing them.

The latest example came last Thursday during a Banking Committee hearing, when Warren demanded answers from a panel of federal regulators as to why the multinational bank HSBC got off with a fine for money laundering for Mexican drug cartels -- along with violating international sanctions against several countries, including Iran and Libya -- when people caught with drugs go to jail for life.

"No one individual went to trial, no individual was banned from banking and there was no hearing to consider shutting down HSBC's activities here in the United States," Warren said. "So ... what does it take? How many billions of dollars do you have to launder for drug lords and how many economic sanctions do you have to violate before someone will consider shutting down a financial institution like this?"

When her questions were repeatedly dodged by Treasury's overseer of financial crimes David Cohen and Federal Reserve governor Jerome Powell, it set her off.

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Conservative writer John Fund reports in National Review that the well funded right-wing group Club For Growth is eying Rand Paul for a presidential run in 2016.

But at the annual Club for Growth meeting here in Palm Beach, it wasn’t kids in the audience who greeted Paul as a hero, giving him a standing ovation both before and after his talk last Friday. ...

Some Club members are already in Paul’s corner for 2016. “He has broadened his appeal to include three issues that 75 percent of the American people agree with,” says George Yeager, an investment counselor from New York. “He wants a balanced-budget amendment, term limits, and a questioning of mindless nation-building overseas.”

Jim DeMint, the former South Carolina senator who is now president of the Heritage Foundation, told Club members that he “couldn’t think of a more dramatic contrast between some senators having dinner with President Obama on the same night last week that Rand Paul and his allies were making their courageous stand.”

When he unveils his budget plan this week, Rep. Paul Ryan (R-WI) will complete a 720-degree flip on President Obama's cuts to Medicare providers in the Affordable Care Act.

As he revealed on "Fox News Sunday," Ryan's upcoming budget will sustain the cuts.

"We end the raid and we apply those savings to Medicare to make Medicare more solvent and extend the solvency of the Medicare trust fund," he said.

Ryan ran for vice president last year against Obama's cuts to Medicare, which don't target beneficiaries but instead lower reimbursements for hospitals and private insurance companies under Medicare Advantage.

"Obamacare takes $716 billion from Medicare to spend on Obamacare," Ryan said last October. "Their own actuary from the administration came to Congress and said one out of six hospitals and nursing homes are going to go out of business as a result of this."

And yet the GOP budget chief's new position is a return to an earlier stance. His House-passed blueprints in 2011 and 2012 also assumed the same level of Medicare savings as the Affordable Care Act, while repealing the rest of the law.

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House Republicans who voted against final passage of the Violence Against Women Act are taking credit for helping renew the domestic abuse legislation.

The lawmakers' desire to have it both ways reflects the irreconcilable tension between wanting to appear on the right side of an extremely popular issue and wanting to preserve their credibility with conservative groups who vowed to punish those who voted for VAWA.

Rep. Steve King (R-IA), a potential Senate candidate in 2014, said in a statement that he supported the bill because he understood "the importance of reauthorizing VAWA."

"I supported this legislation because I know how important it is to empower women in difficult situations," King said. "If a woman is at risk, she should know that she has a place to turn for support and assistance. I supported VAWA in 2005, 2012, and today I voted in support of the House version to see that victims of domestic violence and sexual assault have access to the resources and protection when they need it the most."

What King didn't mention is that he voted against House passage of VAWA. Instead he voted for a more modest Republican substitute, which failed. Had his final vote carried the day, VAWA would remain expired and its reauthorization in limbo today.

Same goes for Rep. Vicky Hartzler (R-MO), who voted for the GOP version but against the final VAWA, and yet took credit for its passage.

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Moments before he officially announced Thursday he won't seek reelection in 2014, Sen. Carl Levin (D-MI) spoke with TPM about his central role in stopping filibuster reform early this year.

His message? No regrets.

"We did the right thing," Levin said shortly after the resolution of a 13-hour talking filibuster mounted by Sen. Rand Paul (R-KY), which supporters of reforming the filibuster want to require for all filibusters.

Levin's remarks came in the wake of a series of high-profile Republican filibusters on legislation and nominees that have left key Democrats deeply frustrated and threatening to revisit reform. They expressed high hopes that the bipartisan rules change enacted in January -- which was constructed around an alternative proposal written by Levin and Sen. John McCain (R-AZ) -- would usher in a new era of comity in the Senate.

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House GOP leaders say they want to help people with preexisting conditions, and now.

After years of scorched-earth opposition to the Affordable Care Act, they recognize that appearing opposed to the law's well-liked coverage guarantee for sick people -- around which much of the rest of "Obamacare" is built -- is a political vulnerability.

So this week, Speaker John Boehner (R-OH), Majority Leader Eric Cantor (R-VA) and five others wrote a letter calling on President Obama to support the transfer of money from Obamacare's prevention and wellness fund to a temporary program designed to protect sick people before the law's preexisting condition guarantee takes effect in 2014.

"We believe allowing those with pre-existing conditions access to health insurance is another worthy reason to reprogram these funds," the GOP lawmakers wrote. "With your support, we could help these Americans get the care they need."

Three weeks ago, the Department of Health and Human Services closed the law's state-based high risk pools to new applicants after deciding that it was too costly and underfunded. HHS said it was "the most prudent step" given the program's $5 billion spending limit and need to ensure coverage for existing enrollees.

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Sen. Rand Paul's (R-KY) epic 13-hour filibuster of John Brennan for CIA director finally came to an amicable resolution Thursday, but not before sparking a battle within the Republican Party hierarchy -- the latest in a series of internal struggles the party has faced since the election.

On Paul's side is the right-wing apparatus and their darlings in Congress -- notably Sens. Mike Lee (R-UT) and Ted Cruz (R-TX), who joined the filibuster. They were delighted by Paul's highly public confrontation with the White House and cheered him on until the very end.

On the other side are the GOP foreign policy hawks, led by Sens. John McCain (R-AZ) and Lindsey Graham (R-SC), who are Washington's chief guardians of broad executive power when it comes to dealing with the country's enemies.

They were furious with Paul's attacks on President Obama's drone policy.

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The National Republican Senatorial Commmittee declared late Thrsday that the news of longtime Sen. Carl Levin's (D-MI) retirement improves the 2014 map for the GOP and offers the party "a real pick up opportunity."

"Over the last few months, the 2014 map has gone from sorta difficult to really tough for Senate Democrats," said NRSC spokesman Brad Dayspring. "Carl Levin's retirement puts a Democratic party already on defense far back on their heels and offers a real pick up opportunity for Republicans.  We have been speaking to people on the ground in Michigan, from local officials to grassroots organizations and residents, in the event that Mr. Levin would decide to retire and now that groundwork will begin to pay off."

Like many of his GOP colleagues, Sen. Richard Shelby (R-AL) won't comment on whether he believes the Voting Rights Act -- a centerpiece of which is in the Supreme Court's crosshairs -- is constitutional.

"I'm not a judge, you know," he told TPM on Thursday, in response to a question in the Capitol.

The challenger, Shelby County of Alabama, argues that part of the 1965 law that requires specific state and local governments to pre-clear changes to their voting laws is unfair and outdated.

"I just follow it and read about it. I'm not a party to it," Shelby said. "On that we are all promoting peoples' right to vote -- access and all this. But some people argue that 'enough is enough' and that's the issue."

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