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Sahil Kapur

Sahil Kapur is TPM's senior congressional reporter and Supreme Court correspondent. His articles have been published in the Huffington Post, The Guardian and The New Republic. Email him at sahil@talkingpointsmemo.com and follow him on Twitter at @sahilkapur.

Articles by Sahil

IMF chief Christine Lagarde warned Sunday on CNN's "State of the Union" that failure to reach a deal to avoid the fiscal cliff would mean no economic growth for the U.S. in 2013.

"If the U.S. economy was to suffer the downside risk of not reaching a comprehensive deal, then growth would be zero," Lagarde said. "It would be much better to actually have a more comprehensive approach and to deal with all the issues."

"The real threat that we have at the moment is really here with us," she said.

The Supreme Court announced on Friday that it will take up California's Proposition 8, the 2008 ballot measure that amends the state's Constitution to ban same sex marriage.

The Court will hear oral arguments in next spring and render a decision by the end of June. At issue is whether the U.S. Constitution prohibits a state from codifying a ban on recognizing same sex marriages.

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The Supreme Court declared Friday that it will take up same sex marriage next year in what's sure to be a blockbuster case with sweeping implications.

The Court accepted a challenge to the Defense of Marriage Act, the 1996 law that prohibits federal recognition of same sex marriage. Two appeals courts have ruled that Section 3, which effectively bans same sex couples legally married in their states from receiving federal benefits, is invalid under the Constitution's equal protection clause.

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Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) wanted to prove on Thursday that Democrats don't have the votes to weaken Congress' authority on the debt limit. Instead they called his bluff, and he ended up filibustering his own bill.

The legislation, modeled on a proposal McConnell offered last year as a "last-choice option" to avert a U.S. debt default, would permit the president to unilaterally lift the debt ceiling unless Congress mustered a two-thirds majority to stop him. President Obama has championed the idea.

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Senate Democratic leaders had only good things to say about arch-conservative Sen. Jim DeMint (R-SC) in the wake of news that he's resigning Congress to become president of the Heritage Foundation.

"I've always liked the guy," Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) told reporters during a Capitol briefing. "And even though I disagree with so much of what he's done, I personally believe he does this out of a sense of real belief. It's not political posturing for him as it is for a lot of people. So I like Jim DeMint, I wish him well."

"I've read his book, he's read my book," Reid said. "We're friends."

In a huddle with reporters shortly after, No. 3 Democratic Sen. Chuck Schumer (NY) said nearly the same thing -- and virtually thanked DeMint.

"I always liked him personally," he said. "I always thought he was a straight shooter and he had his views, but he was a person of integrity. But certainly his effect on the political system may have been more beneficial to Democrats than Republicans."

House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) declined to comment when asked about DeMint's departure, instead lamenting the chamber's vote to block ratification of a U.N. disabilities treaty, and strongly denouncing those who voted it down. DeMint was among them.

Senate Democrats who support reforming the filibuster when the new Congress convenes next month insist their ideas are fairly modest. Their farthest-reaching proposal, they say, would be to end the era of silent obstruction, and force filibustering senators to hold the floor and register their objections publicly, and at indeterminate length. The 60-vote supermajority typically required to end the filibuster, they insist, would still stand.

But would it really?

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The possibility that Democratic and Republican leaders will agree to slowly increase the Medicare eligibility age to 67 is creating strange bedfellows: liberals -- both in and out of Congress -- and the health insurance industry.

A well-placed industry source tells TPM insurers haven't taken a public position but are skeptical of the idea, particularly those insurers that don't cover elderly patients via Medicare Advantage, supplemental Medigap coverage or prescription drug coverage.

House Republican leaders want to avoid the fiscal cliff with a proposal that would gradually raise the Medicare eligibility age to 67. Democrats are reluctant to cut benefits, but President Obama was willing to accept the policy last year in failed negotiations with House Speaker John Boehner, and top Democrats have left the door open to including that measure in a large deficit reduction deal.

It may seem counter-intuitive: why would an industry threatened by government insurance not want it to shrink?

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House Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) on Wednesday accused President Obama of "shifting the goal posts" in fiscal cliff negotiations and repeated his call for the president to put forth a plan that can pass both chambers of Congress.

“The president’s own words confirm that the responsible proposal put forward by Republicans can be implemented in a manner that meets the president’s own standards," Boehner said in a statement. "If our offer is not acceptable to the president, then he has an obligation to show leadership by presenting a credible plan of his own that can pass both houses of Congress. The president talks about a balanced approach, but he’s rejected spending cuts that he has supported previously and refuses to identify serious spending cuts he is willing to make today. This is preventing us from reaching an agreement. With the American economy on the brink of the fiscal cliff, we don’t have time for the president to continue shifting the goal posts. We need to solve this problem."

Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-SC) vowed Wednesday not to vote to raise the debt ceiling without "real structural reforms" to Medicare and Social Security.

His statement comes in response to President Obama saying he won't engage Republican demands to increase the nation's borrowing limit like he did in 2011.

Graham said:

“Mr. President, I will not support increasing the debt limit until we address why we’re in debt.

“I will never vote to raise the debt ceiling unless we produce real structural reforms to save Medicare and Social Security from bankruptcy and prevent our country from becoming Greece.  It is now time for you to demonstrate leadership and embrace big ideas in a bipartisan way.

"America is on an unsustainable path and to continue borrowing money without addressing our entitlement problems is irresponsible."

Rep. Mike Honda (D-CA), the top budget player in the Congressional Progressive Caucus, praised top Republicans who are signaling interest in temporarily backing down on tax cuts for the wealthy and extending middle income rates.

"I'm incredibly relieved to see rationality spreading throughout the Republican Party," Honda said in a statement to TPM.

"I never thought I’d be the one to say this, but Senator Coburn, Tom Cole, and many of their like-minded colleagues are finally making some sense," he said. "Let’s do the things we all agree on, and extend tax relief for 98% of Americans. Let’s not waste another single day. No one is questioning Senator Coburn conservative bona fides, and we need more Members like him to speak up for sanity."

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