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Sahil Kapur

Sahil Kapur is TPM's senior congressional reporter and Supreme Court correspondent. His articles have been published in the Huffington Post, The Guardian and The New Republic. Email him at sahil@talkingpointsmemo.com and follow him on Twitter at @sahilkapur.

Articles by Sahil

Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) has 51 Democratic votes to reform the filibuster, the two leading champions of weakening the minority's power to obstruct business said Friday.

An aide to Sen. Jeff Merkley (D-OR) told TPM he believes Reid -- who has vowed to move forward using the constitutional option next month if Republicans don't sign on -- has secured the necessary votes.

Sen. Tom Udall (D-NM) concurred, according to The Hill, saying: "The crucial thing for all of you to know is Harry Reid’s got 51 votes to do the Constitutional option at the beginning of the Congress. My sense is if he can’t get agreement on the other side, then he’s going to go forward."

The two senators are pushing a "talking filibuster" which would change the rules to require filibustering senators to occupy the floor and speak if they want to halt Senate business.

Sen. Maria Cantwell (D-WA) also said Democrats have 51 votes to make something happen.

Meanwhile, Sens. John McCain (R-AZ) and Carl Levin (D-MI) are pushing a scaled back reform package they hope will win enough Republican votes to change the filibuster without using the constitutional option.

Senate Democrats are not interested in cutting a short-term deal with Republicans to delay the fiscal cliff, a keyed-in aide told TPM, amid rumblings that such an option may be on the table to delay the impact of the fiscal cliff.

"We're not interested in a short-term deal because [we're] not kicking the can down the road again," said the aide, who spoke on condition of anonymity because negotiations are ongoing.

President Obama will discuss options with the top four congressional leaders in a high-stakes White House meeting Friday afternoon at 3 p.m.

President Obama is expected to discuss a scaled-back offer to avoid the fiscal cliff at a White House meeting Friday at 3 p.m. with the top four congressional leaders.

Details are sketchy and the White House and congressional leadership aides declined to discuss them. But according to reports citing anonymous Republican and hill staffers, the offer will reportedly tweak President Obama's most recent proposal to Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) with some enticements to win over GOP votes.

The New York Times' John Harwood, citing a GOP budget source, tweeted that there may also be a 60-90 day plan to give party leaders more time to reach a comprehensive agreement.

The country reaches the fiscal cliff on Jan. 1.

A bipartisan group of senators seeking to avoid a far-reaching filibuster reform proposal has presented Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) and Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) with a scaled-back version, according to the Huffington Post.

Sen. Lamar Alexander (R-TN) said the plan will, as summarized by Huffington Post, "limit the use of the filibuster in some cases, such as on a motion to proceed to debate, and also include provisions allowing for amendments for the minority."

Democratic and Republican sources told TPM the results of the bipartisan negotiations will likely be shared with rank-and-file members during caucus lunches Friday.

Changing filibuster rules ordinarily requires a two-thirds majority. Reid has vowed to use the Constitutional option, if need be, and do so with a bare majority using a rare procedural tool early next month.

Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell isn't sticking his neck out this time.

The Kentucky Republican has previously stepped in at the last minute to save House Republicans from themselves in desperate moments like this -- during the 2011 debt limit near-crisis and the year-end debacle over extending the payroll tax cut. But now, with the fiscal cliff right around the corner, he's laying low and steering clear of trouble, eager not to be seen as disrupting any progress but signaling no intention of swooping in to save the day again.

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The Supreme Court has rejected an appeal to temporarily block the Obama administration's contraception mandate while the courts work through the case.

In a four-page opinion issued late Wednesday, Justice Sonia Sotomayor declared that the Hobby Lobby and Mardel, two retail outlets suing to block the requirement, do not meet the high standard for emergency injunctive relief.

"Applicants do not satisfy the demanding standard for the extraordinary relief they seek," wrote Sotomayor, the justice primarily responsible for cases in the Tenth Circuit where it's pending. She reasoned that the plaintiffs' right to immediate relief is not "indisputably clear" and that they cannot demonstrate the necessity of an injunction.

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America is headed over the fiscal cliff, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid declared on Thursday morning, blaming Speaker John Boehner.

"The American people are waiting for the ball to drop, but it's not going to be a good drop. Because Americans' taxes are approaching the wrong direction," he said on the Senate floor. "Come the first of this year, Americans will have less income than they have today. If we go over the cliff, and it looks like that's where we're headed, the House of Representatives -- as we speak with four days left after today before the first of the year -- aren't here. ... I can't imagine their consciences."

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According to CNN and a Facebook post Thursday afternoon, by Sen. Scott Brown (R-MA), President Obama is expected to send congressional leaders a scaled-back proposal to avoid the fiscal cliff. But Democrats plugged in to the negotiations say that's false.

"While we're expecting Democrats to finally act, I don't have a specific timeframe," a GOP source familiar with the matter told TPM, neither confirming nor denying the reports.

Update: TPM has learned that reports that the White House is about to send an offer to Capitol Hill are not accurate, or at best an exaggerated read-out of GOP discussions with President Obama.

Update II: An aide to Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) also tells TPM the reports are "not true."

When lawmakers vow to make sure middle class taxes don't rise by a penny, there's one thing they're invariably ignoring. Working Americans are poised to face a tax hike next year no matter the outcome of fiscal cliff negotiations.

Employees' share of the Social Security payroll tax is set to rise by 2 percentage points in 2013 after being lowered to 4.2 percent for two years. President Obama and Speaker John Boehner are at an impasse in fiscal cliff talks, but they've effectively agreed to end the payroll tax holiday.

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Updated: 6:15 ET

Seemingly unable to unite their members around a fiscal cliff compromise, House Republican leaders demanded Wednesday that "the Senate first must act" on House legislation to avert the mix of tax hikes and spending cuts set to take effect in January.

After a private conference call among themselves, the House's top four Republicans -- Boehner, Majority Leader Eric Cantor (R-VA), Majority Whip Kevin McCarthy (R-CA) and Conference Chair Cathy McMorris Rodgers (R-WA) -- put out a joint statement in the afternoon.

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