Doctors this month detected HIV in a Mississippi child, now nearly 4 years old, who had been seemingly cured of the virus last year.
The child was born with HIV and underwent antiretroviral therapy for the first 18 months of her life. Her mother did not bring the child back for treatment for five months; when doctors tested her again, they did not find detectable HIV, leading them to believe the 18 months of treatment could be effective permanently. For more than two years, doctors did not detect HIV in the child leading to stories that the child was "cured." Now, doctors say, that is not the case.
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