The amendment was sponsored by Rep. Steve Scalise (R-LA), who listed the advisers in question as the "ObamaCare" czar, the climate change czar, the global warming czar, the green jobs czar, the car czar, the Guantanamo czar, the pay czar, and the fairness czar. It's unclear if all these people exist, though Republicans and conservatives have complained about various unconfirmed Obama advisers for years, including Van Jones, who was driven out of the administration, and Carol Browner, who will be leaving the administration in the coming days.
One Republican, freshman Reid Ribble (R-WI), voted not to eliminate these positions.
President Obama has already vowed to veto the House spending bill, so a lot of these amendments will be stripped out of whatever legislation Congress ultimately adopted. After the vote on Thursday, Scalise said Obama's veto threat was tantamount to "threatening to shut down the government."