Congress created the CFPB, despite GOP opposition, as part of the Wall Street reform law, to protect consumers from predatory actors in the financial industry. Its intellectual godmother is Elizabeth Warren, whom President Obama has tasked with standing up the agency. Despite her popularity, she's been a long-shot to run the Bureau when it officially launches -- largely because of financial industry and Republican (and even some Democratic) opposition. Indeed, former Banking Committee Chairman Chris Dodd (D-CT) -- who poured cold water on the idea of nominating Warren -- warned that if Democrats tried to jam a director through the Senate without bipartisan support, Republicans would go to war against the Bureau and try to gut it.
Turns out that's what's happening anyhow. Who could've predicted?
Specifically, Republicans want the CFPB subject to the appropriations process -- something it avoids as an entity housed in the Federal Reserve. They also want to delegate more decision making authority away from the Bureau's director, and give other regulators -- many of which are captured by the financial industry -- opportunities to block CFPB rules.
This shouldn't be a winning fight, if Democrats don't want it to be. The financial reform law is still fairly popular, and the CFPB is the most popular part of it. President Obama could use recess appointment to fill the vacancy, and take the fight public. At this point it's a question of how he and Senate Democrats decide to handle it.
Note, not signing the letter were Sens. Scott Brown (R-MA), Lisa Murkowski (R-AK), and John Ensign (R-NV), who stepped down before it was released. Sens. Olympia Snowe (R-ME) and Susan Collins (R-ME), who along with Brown voted for the financial reform law, added their names to the roster.