The rebates are the result of a rule in the Affordable Care Act that requires insurance companies to spend at least 80 percent or 85 percent of premium earnings on health care -- as opposed to marketing and administrative activities -- or otherwise send money back to consumers.
White House spokesman Jay Carney highlighted the figures at the top of his press conference Thursday as "yet another sign of how the Affordable Care Act is already strengthening the health care system for millions of Americans."
It's the latest salvo in the ongoing partisan tug-of-war -- one that's expected to continue through the election -- where Democrats take every opportunity to tout the law's benefits and Republicans seize on unfavorable reports to paint it in a negative light. Republicans have the upper hand when it comes to public opinion of the law.
A Senate report prepared by Democrats estimated last year that the rebates would have been as high as $2 billion if the so-called Medical Loss Ratio provision took effect in 2010.
The insurance industry has rebelled against the MLR requirement and maintained that the rule would ultimately do more harm than good.
"Given the inherently unpredictable nature of health care costs, it is not surprising that some health plans expect to pay rebates to consumers in certain markets," said Robert Zirkelbach, spokesman for America's Health Insurance Plans. "However, the coverage disruptions and other unintended consequences of imposing a new arbitrary federal cap on health plan administrative costs are likely to outweigh any benefit these rebates will provide to consumers."